Home Environmental Variables and Mathematics Study Habits Among Junior Secondary School Three (JSS) Students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria

By Prescilia Know Ibu, Emmanuel Benimpuye Adie & Joseph Andepibekong Andortan


This study investigated the relationship between environmental variables and Junior Secondary School III Students’ Mathematics Study habits in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. It was carried out in Calabar Education Zone, comprising of seven local government areas. Correlation design was employed and stratified random sampling technique was adopted in selecting a sample of 320 students drawn from 10 public secondary schools out of eighty-four (84) in Calabar Education Zone. The research instrument used was a self-constructed questionnaire namely- Environmental Variables and Students’ Mathematics Study Habit Questionnaire (EVSMSHQ). Three hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The study revealed that there was significant relationship between each of home physical facilities, parental academic stimulation/socio-economic status, and peer influence respectively after correlating them with each of the five sub-constructs of Attitude Towards Mathematics Class (ATMC), Time and Place for Study (TPS), Mathematics Study Strategies (MSS), Mathematics Anxiety (MA), and Time Exams and Relaxation (TER). The study revealed that mathematics study habits were significantly related to all of the factors investigated; it was recommended among others that parents and guardians should provide conducive learning environment for their children in order to enhance good mathematics study habit.

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