Relationship between Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Academic Adjustment of Secondary School Students Living in Conflict Areas of Southern Kaduna, Nigeria

By Dr Julius Samson & Dr Hadiza Tukur


This study examined the Relationship between Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Adjustment of Senior Secondary School Students Living in Conflict Areas of Southern Kaduna. The study adopted a correlational research design. The population of the study was nine hundred and eighty seven (987) students with post-traumatic symptoms in Godo-Godo and Kafanchan Zonal Educational Inspectorate Divisions, Kaduna State. The sample of the study was 272 Senior Secondary School II (SSII) Students with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder drawn from twenty (20) schools. They were identified using Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Civilian Version. Data was collected using posttraumatic stress disorder inventory (PTSDI) and Academic Adjustment Inventory. Posttraumatic stress disorder inventory (PTSDI) had reliability of .856 while Academic Adjustment Inventory has internal consistency of .779. Pearson product moment correlation statistics was used to test the three hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The finding shows that relationship exists between Anxiety and academic adjustment (r=.791 p=.001), Aggression and academic adjustment (r=.859 p=.000), and Depression and academic adjustment (r=.811 p=.000). From the results of the findings, it was recommended, among others, that Kaduna state ministry of education should have functional psychological testing and counselling centres in assisting students with anxiety problem for proper academic adjustment.

Read Full Article

Scroll to Top