Demographic Variables and Retirement Anxiety among Public Secondary School Teachers in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria

By Cyril Bisong Abuo, Dr Bassey Ekeng Effiom & Kelechi Odo-Simon


 This study examines the influence of demographic variables on retirement anxiety among public secondary school teachers in Calabar Education Zone in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the aim of this study, two (2) research questions and two (2) hypotheses were formulated to guide this research study. Two (2) theories were used and ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. The stratified and purposive sampling techniques were used. From the population of 2,221 secondary school teachers, 740 teachers were sampled from the 84 Public Secondary Schools in Calabar Education Zone. A 4-point likert scale questionnaire, designed by the researchers, was used for data collection. The reliability estimates used was Cronbach Alpha. The statistical tool used for testing the hypothesis was One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The findings revealed that, educational status and family size significantly influenced retirement anxiety. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that training programme for teachers such as seminars and workshops should be offered by counsellor to create awareness and enlighten retirees on pre-retirement management strategies and encourage investment and early saving habits so as to live a comfortable life after retirement.

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