Environmental education models and sewage disposal attitudes among residents in South-South Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria

Addo, Doris Elemi & Agba, Peter Ukwondi


This study examined how environmental education models influence sewage disposal attitude among the residents of South-south Zone in Cross River State. The purpose was to determine how seminar/workshop and enlightenment campaign can influence attitude towards sewage disposal management. Two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was employed for the study to objectively describe the phenomenon. Stratified random sampling technique was adopted in selecting 4 out of 7 local government areas. 10% of proportional sampling was used to select 38 sampled communities with total sampled respondents of 387 while accidental sampling was employed during investigation. A questionnaire titled Environmental Education Models and Sewage Disposal Attitude Among Residents Questionnaire (CEEMSDAARQ) that contained 18 items structured with four-point rating scale was the instrument used for data collection. Cronbach alpha method was used to obtain reliability result of 0.73 and 0.79 after pilot test. Simple linear regression analysis was adopted as statistical tools to test the null hypotheses. The results of the analyses revealed that there is a significant moderate influence of seminar/workshop and enlightenment campaigns on sewage disposal attitude among the residents in South-south Zone of Cross River State. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that enlightenment campaigns should be carried out at regular intervals in order to mobilize people towards developing positive attitude towards sewage disposal and management.

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