Social value orientation and self-efficacy among secondary school students in Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr Achi Ndifon Bekomson & Dr Melvina N. Amalu


This study sought to determine if social value orientation has any influence on self-efficacy with regards to social, academic, language and moral self-efficacy. Ex-post facto design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of 38,514 Senior Secondary I and II students (18,697 males and 19,817 females). The sample was 1,543 SSI and SSII students randomly selected from 47 public schools in Cross River State. A self designed questionnaire titled Social Value Orientation and Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SVOASEQ) was used to collect data. The instrument was validated by four experts in Educational Psychology, and Measurement and Evaluation, while the reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha reliability method yielding a coefficient of .77. The data collected were analysed using One Way Analysis of Variance; the hypothesis was tested at .05 level of significance. The result of the analyses revealed that social value orientation has a significant influence on self- efficacy with regards to social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy, language self-efficacy, moral self-efficacy and overall self-efficacy. It was recommended, among others, that Parents and teachers should encourage students to belong to social groups in school, to enable them develop skills that will help boost their social, academic, language and moral self-efficacy.

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