Parental Factors and Deviant Behaviour Tendencies of Secondary School Students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr Stella Esuabana & Theresa Effiom Ekpe


This study examined Parental factors and deviant behaviour tendencies of secondary school students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. Two hypotheses were formulated to direct the study and tested at .05 level of significance. Stratified random sampling technique was used to sample 592 Senior Secondary School II (SS II) students. The instrument used for the study was a 41-item, modified 4-point Likert scale type questionnaire titled “Parental Factors and Deviant Behaviour Tendencies Questionnaire (PFDBTQ).” The Cronbach coefficient alpha of .86 was obtained as the reliability estimate of the PFDBTQ, while that of sub-variables ranged from .71 to .88. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Independent ttest were used to test the hypotheses. The results showed that parenting styles significantly influence students’ deviant behaviours in terms of examination malpractice, indiscipline, truancy and stealing. It was recommended that Students should face similar punishment irrespective of their class, sex, age or social background, for deviant conducts in school. Keywords.

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