Relationship between Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Social Adjustment of Secondary School Students Living in Conflict Area of Southern Kaduna, Nigeria

Dr Julius Samson & Prof E. F. Adeniyi


This study examined the Relationship between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Social Adjustment of Senior Secondary School Students Living in Conflict Areas of Southern Kaduna, Nigeria. The study adopted a correlational research design. The population of the study were nine hundred and eighty-seven (987) secondary school students with posttraumatic symptoms in Godo-Godo and Kafanchan Zonal Educational Inspectorate Divisions, Kaduna, Nigeria. The sample of the study was 272 participants drawn from twenty (20) Senior Secondary Schools Two (SSSII) Students with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. Data was collected using posttraumatic stress disorder inventory (PTSDI) and Social Adjustment Inventory (SAI). The PTSDI was faced and content validated and had reliability of .856; also SAI has a reliability of .898 after pilot testing. Pearson product moment correlation was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The findings show that relationship exists between anxiety and social adjustment, aggression and social adjustment, depression and social adjustment. From the results of the findings, it was recommended, among others, that since there is relationship between aggression and social adjustment, psychologists and counsellors should be encouraged to attend to students with aggression problems in Godo-Godo and Kafanchan zonal educational inspectorate divisions.

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