Retirement Anxiety among Secondary School Teachers in Rivers Southeast Senatorial Zone: Implications for Counselling

Dr Justin Lebari Buuna & Dr Otonjo Ibim Emoyon-Eredia


The study investigated retirement anxiety among secondary school teachers in Rivers Southeast Senatorial Zone. Survey design was used for the study, guided by one research question and three null hypotheses. The population consisted of 8,264 teachers in junior and senior secondary schools of Rivers South-east senatorial zone of Rivers State. Using simple random sampling technique, 660 teachers were selected as the sample. The instrument for data collection was a self-made questionnaire titled ‘Retirement Anxiety Scale’ (RAS). Validity was done by three experts in Guidance and Counselling and Measurement and Evaluation in Ignatius Ájuru University of Education, Port Harcourt. Reliability of the instrument was done using Cronbach statistics which yielded a high reliability of 0.90. Administration of the instrument was done by the researchers. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the research question while independent z-test was used in testing the three null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The finding of the study was that, the items in the questionnaire to a high extent were responsible for retirement anxiety among secondary school teachers. It was recommended that teachers should be guided to appreciate and make preparations for their inevitable end in the public service.

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