Teachers’ Characteristics and Business Studies Students’ Academic Achievement among Junior Secondary School Students in Calabar South Local Government Area

Eunice N. Ajuluchukwu (Ph.D) and Patience U. Ushie (Mrs)


The main purpose of the study was to determine the influence of teachers’ characteristics on business studies students’ academic achievement in secondary schools in Calabar south local government area of Cross River State. To achieve the purpose of this study, two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was used for the study. The population of the study comprised of 867 JSS III students in public secondary schools Calabar-South. The sample for the study is 150 JSS111 students chosen from the eight schools selected for this study using the simple random sampling technique. The main instruments used for data collection were four point rating scale questionnaire titled ‘Business Studies Teachers’ characteristics questionnaire’ and an achievement test on business studies.  The questionnaire contained 20 items. While the achievement test contained 50 multiple choice questions with four options. The instruments were validated by three experts. The instruments had reliability coefficients of 0.77 and 0.80 for the questionnaire and business studies achievement test respectively. The hypotheses were tested using linear regression analysis. The result of the analysis showed among others that teacher professional qualifications and teachers teaching strategies influence business studies students’ academic achievement. Based on the findings, the following recommendation was made among others; that teachers with professional qualifications should be employed to teach business studies in secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area.

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