Demographic Implications of Violent Herdsmen Attack In Benue State, Nigeria

Ushie, Michael Anake, Egidi, Stephen Achuen, Ushie, Christiana Aloye


The main thrust of the paper is to evaluate demographic implications of violent herdsmen’s attack in Benue State, Nigeria. The emerging security and demographic challenges in most developing countries of the world has midwifed the emergence of violent attack between the farmers and the herdsmen’s. This has become a global security concern. Violent conflicts between farmers and nomadic cattle herders have become a common feature of livelihood in West Africa and Nigeria in particular. The demographic implications of this violent attacks manifest in forced migration, depopulation, displacement, loss of livelihood,  source(s) of income , loss of lives and properties among other demographic implications . Data obtained for the paper were from the secondary sources and analyzed through qualitative technique. Frustration Aggression Displacement theory by John Neal and Leonard, Orval (1939) was used as a theoretical framework. The findings revealed that the herdsmen’s attack has demographic implications on the society especially the flash point zones. Hence, it was recommended that they should be government legislation to check both the farmers and herdsmen’. The work also recommends the establishment of ranches for grazing to avoid open grazing among other recommendations.

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