Correlation between Annual Leave as a Tool for Motivation and Staff Productivity in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr Glory Emmanuel Edoho, Dr Esther Bassey Arikpo & Dr Bella Charles Olabisi


This study investigated annual leave as a tool of motivation and staff productivity in tertiary institutions. To achieve the purpose of this study, one research question was posed, and one null hypothesis was formulated. Survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample of seven hundred and ninety-two (792) respondents was randomly selected from a population of eight thousand one hundred and twelve (8,112) administrative staff. Questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. The instrument was subjected to face validation. The reliability estimate of the instrument was established using the Cronbach-Alpha reliability method. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis and Multiple Regression were the statistical analysis techniques adopted in the study. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the findings revealed that realization of annual leave significantly relates to staff’s productivity. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended, among others, that management of all educational zones should ensure that staff apply and observe their regular annual leave for increase in productivity and work-life balance.

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