Influence of Positive Reinforcement Technique on Motivation and Performance in Mathematics among Junior Secondary School Students in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Dr Aliyu Suleiman Aliyu, Dr Hamisu Umar & Imrana Nasir Muhammad


The major aim of this researchers is to investigate the influence of positive reinforcement technique on motivation and performance in Mathematics among junior secondary school students in Kaduna State Nigeria. Quasi experimental research design involving pre-test and post-test was used and the sample size was 67 JSS two students in Giwa Education Zone. Four objectives, research questions and hypotheses were raised to guide the researchers and two instruments were used namely Students Performance Test (SPT) and Students Motivation Questionnaire (SMQ). The two instruments were validated by experts while reliability was established using PPMC which was found to be 0.87 and 0.89. The four null hypotheses were tested using U-test and t-test statistics, which showed significant difference in all the hypotheses which led to the rejection of all the hypotheses. The researchers concluded that, Positive Reinforcement Technique has significant influence on students’ motivation and performance in mathematics. The researchers recommended that teachers of secondary schools should include different types of positive reinforcement in teaching of mathematics.

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