COVID-19 Induced Anxiety and Stress as Correlates of Mental Disposition among Frontline Health Workers in Calabar Metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria

Stephen Ushie Akpa, Christiana Ukpata Ofie, Dr Felicia Agbor-Obun Dan, Dr Martina Ayibeya Apie, Dr Joseph Odey Ogabor, Peter Owogoga Aduma & Dr Aminu Shantali Shuaibu


This study examined COVID-19-induced anxiety and stress as correlates of mental disposition among frontline health workers in Calabar Metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria. The study adopted correlational research design, and was guided by two null hypotheses. Literature was reviewed based on the variables of the study. Stratified random sampling technique was adopted in selecting the health facilities, while purposive sampling technique was adopted in selecting the two hundred and one respondents used for the study. Three instruments were used in the study. The instruments were validated by three psychometric experts from the Department of Educational Foundations, and Department of Educational Management in the University of Calabar. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistical tool was used to test the hypotheses of the study. The result obtained from analysis revealed that there was a significant relationship between COVID-19-induced anxiety and stress on the mental disposition of frontline health workers in Calabar Metropolis of Cross River State, Nigeria. Based on these findings, it was recommended that the Ministry of Health should ensure that frontline health workers are adequately sensitized on the best approaches to manage emergencies in order to reduce the level of anxiety and stress among them.

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