Personal Variables and perception on Entrepreneurship Education among Undergraduates in Nigeria

Kebe Ibor Ofem, Dr Victoria Atah Abanyam, Dr Victor Atah Abanyam & Dr Vivian Anaba Osim


The study, guided by three research questions and three hypotheses, investigated the influence of age, gender and self-efficacy on perception on entrepreneurship education among undergraduates. A survey design was adopted. The population consisted 594 undergraduates of the three Faculties of Education, consisting 284 males and 310 females. A sample size of 500 students was selected using the stratified random sampling technique and the simple random sampling technique. A validated “Personal Variables and Perception on Entrepreneurship Education Questionnaire” (PVPEEQ) was used for data collection. A reliability coefficient of 0.82 was established for the instrument using the Cronbach method. One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test the influence of age while the independent t-test statistics was used to test influence of gender and self-efficacy on perception on entrepreneurship education at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that whereas age does not have a significant influence on students’ perception on entrepreneurship education, gender and entrepreneurial self-efficacy have significant influence on perception on entrepreneurship education among students. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that gender sensitive sensitization on the need for entrepreneurship education should be carried out among undergraduates in the universities.

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