Practice of Malaria Prevention Strategies among Secondary School Students in Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja, Nigeria

Osinachi Stanley Ezealaji, Prof Vechit Dashe, Hadiza Coomassie Ahmad, Jeremiah Ahmed, Dr Paul Hannatu Musa Musa & Patricia Obiageli Iloh


The purpose of this study was to assess practice of malaria prevention strategies among public senior secondary school students in Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, Nigeria. To achieve this, a descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. A total of 400 public school students were used for the study from a total population of 85,495. The multi-stage sampling procedure which comprised of stratified, simple random, systematic, purposive and proportionate sampling techniques were used. The instrument used was a researchers-developed questionnaire. Descriptive statistics of frequencies and percentages were used to describe the demographic characteristics of the respondents, while mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. Inferential statistics of one-sample t-test was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 alpha level. Results of the study revealed that: practice of malaria prevention strategies among senior secondary school students in FCT Abuja, Nigeria is significant (P = 0.000). It was recommended that the Federal Ministry of Education should further emphasize teaching as a strategy for disease prevention and control under disease prevention in health education curriculum for secondary school students, as this will help to further educate them and sustain the existing practice among the students.

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