Headphone Usage and Study Habits among Undergraduate students in public Universities in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr Olufowoke Mary Oyeyipo


This study investigated headphone usage and study habits among undergraduate students in public universities in Calabar in Cross River State. Four research questions and four hypothesis guided the study. The research design adopted for this study was the ex post facto research design. The population for the study was all undergraduate students from University of Cross River State (UNICROSS) and University of Calabar (UNICAL). Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 760 students for the study. Three experts validated the instrument titled “Headphone Usage and Students’ Study Habits Questionnaire” used to collect data for the study. Internal consistency coefficient of 0.82 was obtained using Cronbach alpha reliability estimate methods. The data that was collected was analyzed using one sample t-test, Pearson product moment correlation and independent t-test at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed, among others, that there is a significant influence of students’ knowledge, use and challenges regarding the use of headphone and its effect on the students’ study habit among undergraduates in Cross River State, Nigeria. It was recommended that government and school administrators should create nationwide awareness campaigns on use of headphones and its implications for academic performance.

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