Influence of Teachers’ Demographics on Academic Achievement of Students in Economics

By Dr Veronica Nakanda Effiom & Stella Uchechukwu Okeke


This study sought to determine the influence of teachers’ demographics on academic  achievement of secondary school students’ in Economics in Calabar Metropolis of  Cross River State; that is Calabar Municipality and Calabar South Local  Government Areas. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to  guide the study. The research design adopted for this study was the ex-post facto  design. Simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to recruit a  total of 92 Economics teachers and 2,940 Economics students as the respondents.  Two sets of instruments were used for data collection: Teacher Variables Questionnaire (TVQ) and Economics Achievement Test (EAT). Independent t-test  analysis and One-way analysis of variance was carried out on data collected at .05  significant level. The results from the analysis of the data indicated that gender of  teachers has no significant influence on academic achievement of students” in  Economics and age of teachers does not significantly influence “students’ academic  achievement. The study recommended that employers of labour and school  proprietors should not rely on the gender and age of the teachers before employing  them.

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