Social Indices and Educational Accessibility in Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr Olufowoke Mary Oyeyipo

Abstract

The study investigates social indices and educational accessibility in Cross River State. Four each of research questions and hypotheses guided the study. The research design was the ex post facto research design. The population was all senior secondary school II students in Cross River State, Nigeria. Stratified sampling technique was used to select four schools each from nine Local Government Areas, out of 18 local government areas in the state.  A sample of 758 students was drawn Three experts validated the instrument, titled “Social Indices and Educational Accessibility Questionnaire” (SIEAQ) used in data collection. The instrument was designed on a 4-point Likert scale format. Using a pilot study conducted on 60 participants, internal consistency coefficient of 0.76 to 0.81 was obtained using Cronbach alpha reliability estimate. The researcher administered the instruments on the sampled respondents in the selected schools. Data collected was analyzed using simple regression, independent t-test and multiple regression, at 0.05 level of significance. Result showed that social injustice, good governance, community-driven development (CDD) and social inequality relate with the level of educational accessibility. It was recommended, among others, that government should implement policy that will efficiently improve educational accessibility.

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