This study investigated relationship among achievement motivation, self-efficacy and retention among NCE students of College of Education, Zuba, Nigeria. Correlational design was adopted in the study. The study was guided by three objectives, and three hypotheses. The population of the study was made up of 5,707 NCE II students and the sample of the study was 361 students randomly selected. Achievement motivation and Self-efficacy Scales were used as instruments for data collection which were correlated with students’ CGPA. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to analyse the data obtained. Findings of the study revealed that significant relationship exists between achievement motivation and retention among NCE students (r=.432, p=.002). Self-efficacy was also found to have significant relationship with retention (r=.230, p=.014); and significant relationship exists between achievement motivation and self-efficacy with (r=.363, p=.000). The study recommends that psychologists should give orientation to students of colleges of education on the need to enhance their achievement motivation so as to improve their level of retention.